It has medium to large pores, which gives it low resistance to rot, but it means it takes stain very well. I've even written about the value of oak (and other hardwoods) as firewood. Main Differences Between White and Red Oak, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. It is named ‘post oak’ because it has long been popularly used for making fence posts. Read on to discover all about the different types of oak wood. But if it is very straight-grained, it could be worth more for other uses. Common Oak Tree Types. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? Growing Trees in Pots - Benefits, Tips & Tricks, Autumn Blaze Maple Tree - Growing & Care Guide, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Clementine Tree Care and Propagation Tips. The leaves tend to be leathery and feature cross-shaped lobes. This tree is native to the Meditteranean region and is intolerant of cold winters. But I love living in the woods--there's always something happening that's interesting. There are both deciduous and evergreen species and some are semi-evergreen. White oaks have gray-colored bark and leaves with rounded lobes without bristles. The trunk bark is light-gray and has shallow grooves. Oak is a type of hardwood, which is incredibly sturdy and long-lasting, so although it comes with a higher price tag than many other types of wood, it’s an investment that pays off in the long run. Throughout time, oaks have provided people with shade, sturdy bark for building and acorns that have been an important food source. Quercus mongolica — Mongolian oak — eastern Asia Quercus muehlenbergii — Chinkapin oak — eastern, central, and southwestern US (West Texas and New Mexico), northern Mexico Quercus oblongifolia — Arizona blue oak, Southwestern blue oak, or Mexican blue oak — # southwestern U.S., northwestern Mexico Quercus obtusata — Mexico Trees species: Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii) Found in hilly regions between 2,000 and 6,000 feet. Red oak, on the other hand, should only be used for interiors and is popularly used for flooring and cabinet making. This oak tree grows natively in the western United States. Common "red oak" species include water oak (found near stream-banks and lowlands), northern red oak (found in various habitats), southern red oak (found on moist and dry slopes), scarlet oak (found on dry slopes), willow oak (found on moist slopes), pin oak (found in wetlands), and cherrybark oak (found near moist slopes and bottomlands). Maples and poplars produce a fruit that is classified as … Oaks have what is called “alternate” leaves, which means that only one leaf emerges from the stem, which gives the appearance that the leaves are alternating from one side to another. are either evergreen or deciduous, depending on species. This tree is native to the eastern United States, where it enjoys dry conditions. Southern red oaks, sometimes called Spanish oaks, prefer sandy upland soil and are often confused with cherrybark oaks. It was once thought that its origins lay in hybridization between willow oak (Quercus phellos) and water oak (Quercus nigra), though this is not widely accepted. Answer: Quercus grisea; it is in the white oak group. It's a tiny tree with just a few leaves but it holds the promise of providing a shady corner in the garden sometime in the future. Differentiate oak trees from other species. In a confusing use of common names, the black oak (Q. velutina) and the blackjack oak (Q. marilandica) species are Georgia native red oaks that grow in drier soils. Sometimes called the "mossycup oak" because of the fringe on its acorn cups, this tree usually grows to be more than 80 feet tall and can reach heights of up to 150 feet. This species' common name may derive from its historical use in the making of fence posts. Their trunk bark is also more deeply ridged than that of other white oak species. I love to play the identification game, seeing if I know which oak is which. Also known as ‘pin oak,’ this tree is native to the eastern United States and has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society, for its exceptional qualities such as vigorous growth and distinctive shape. It is a relatively fast-growing tree, the lumber of which is commonly used in furniture making and construction (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center). Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Scarlet oak can be hard to split, but it makes good firewood nonetheless. The oak is Great Britain’s best-known tree and certainly the nation’s favourite. An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus of the beech family, Fagaceae. There are other oaks and evergreen oaks often referred to as "live oaks", but they might not be white oaks if they aren't the real Virginia live oak deal. Oak trees are known for being strong and resilient, which is one of the reasons that more than 600 different types of oak trees exist all around the world. These ‘rays’ are small brown flecks, which look like tiny strips of thread running along with the grain of the wood. Pieces of oak furniture will last for several decades and could even end up being passed down family generations as heirlooms, so it’s not hard to see why oak is the wood of choice among carpenters and buyers alike. Oak Tree Pictures 1 - Oak Tree Pictures 2 Oak Tree References. This tree is native to much of Europe and small parts of Asia and is the national emblem of the Republic of Ireland. The tree species listed in this section are red oaks that are common in the US. What type, red or white, is the Live Oak - Quercus virginiana? Gardeners can landscape with native oak trees for this region since the soil-type requirements vary greatly, depending on the type of tree … It is a short-lived tree with a life expectancy of 30 to 50 years, though it grows vigorously to quickly reach its mature height. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. :). Red oak leaves usually come to a point at the end of each lobe, while the lobes of white oak leaves are rounded. In the United States, it grows natively from the coast of North Carolina across to Wyoming and down to New Mexico. They only grow to be 2 to 4 inches long. Trunk diameters range from 3 to 5 feet. Answer: In the fall. These are huge trees that can easily reach heights of over 100 feet and trunk diameters of more than 4. As a wood, it has a pale brown color, with a coarse grain and moderate to large-sized pores. There are a few species that exhibit a shrub type growth form instead of a tree form. The black oak tree grows natively in the eastern United States and Canada and produces wood with a coarse texture. 2 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Purpose 3 Getting Started 3 Upland Red Oaks 5 Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) 5 Southern red oak (Quercus falcata) 6 Black oak (Quercus velutina) 6 Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) 7 Blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica) 7 Shingle oak (Quercus imbricaria) 8 Upland White Oaks 8 White oak (Quercus alba) 8 Chestnut oak (Quercus montana) 9 Post oak (Quercus … It’s easy to get confused or feel overwhelmed when you’re trying to pick an oak sapling to plant in your garden from the hundreds of species available. Which tree would be perfect for this type of soil? The stand-out feature of this tree is its willow-like leaves, as the name suggests. Your hub has inspired me to take a look at the parent tree and see if I can find any clues about which type or oak tree it is. As a type of wood, laurel oak has a coarse grain and an attractive scent. Thanks for the great info. Answer: You should do a soil test where you want to plant the trees. Learn more. Their trunk bark is typically light-gray and furrowed. Oak Tree Varieties. About 19 species of oak trees (Quercus spp.) It belongs to the beech family (Fagaceae). In terms of oak wood, it is usually categorized into two groups, red oak and white oak. This tree is native to the southeastern United States and is also known as the Spanish Oak because it is commonly found in areas that had early Spanish colonies. In many of these areas, oak trees make up a sizable portion of the state's original virgin forest. She owned and operated a small farm in Minnesota for 5 years, until 2019. In red oak, these rays are shorter, and in white oak, they are longer. maps may also aid in the separation of similar appearing species. Right now the squirrels are working the oak trees--in fact, I have to wear a hat when I go outside to help cushion my head from the falling acorns! 109-119). No point waiting to see how tall it grows. Rachel worked as a farm manager for 3 years in Pennsylvania. It has long been economically important in Europe, traditionally used as a wood in property construction, shipbuilding, and furniture making. It produces tough wood with distinctive rings and variations in color from rich chocolate brown to creamy white. are commonly found growing in Florida. There are approximately 500 extant species of oaks. Red oaks tend to have pointier lobes on their leaves compared to white oaks, and their acorns take two years to mature. This tree is native to the central and eastern United States. 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